Fleur jade (jade flower)
Aubusson tapestry woven in the Goubely workshop.
Complete with label signed by the artist, n°5/6.
Michel Tourlière, through both his production and his official responsibilities, was one of the leading lights of the renewal of the art of tapestry in the XXth century. Trained at the Ecole Nationale Supérieure des Arts Décoratifs, Toulière met Lurçat as early as 1945, designed his first cartoon « le vigneron » (the winegrower) in 1946 (in the same year he moved to Aubusson), became a founder member of the APCT (Association des Peintres-Cartonniers de Tapisserie) in 1947. After this explosive start to his career, he became a teacher at the Ecole Nationale des Arts Décoratifs in Aubusson, then its director in 1960 before becoming the director of the Paris school in 1970, while at the same time creating the ministerial delegation of artistic creativity at the Ministry of Culture. Despite his heavy official responsibilities (which paved his way to numerous public commissions), Tourlière designed many cartoons (around 300) in a lyrical abstract style, a personal transcription from nature, comprising simplified, ridged (irregular weaving technique) shapes (scrolls, circles…) in warm colours redolent of autumn (orange, red, brown) which give an undulating relief effect.
The flower theme-motif, originating in 1960 (« Fleur de nuit »), became ever more ubiquitous in the 1970’s (« Fleur ouverte », « Fleur de vent », « Fleur de vigne blanche »,…) with varying formats and colour schemes. Perhaps one can see in the turquoise used here the “jade” of the title, a colour which was rarely used by the artist and is here associated with the more habitual wave shapes, warm colours and lines…
Exhibition catalogue rétrospective 1945-1985, Paris Arts Center, 1986
Exhibition Catalogue Tourlière, Tapisseries, dessins 1945-1992, Angers, Musée Jean Lurçat et de la Tapisserie Contemporaine, Aubusson, Musée Départemental de la Tapisserie, 1992-1993